The Gender Aspects of Agroforestry Practices in Maytemeko Watershed, Northwestern Ethiopia


  • Meseret Kassie Department of Geography and Environmental studies, University of Gondar, Ethiopia


fuel wood, women, trees and shrubs, ethnography, natural forest


This study was conducted to assess the gender aspect of agroforestry practices (AFPs) in terms of participation and benefit in northwest Ethiopia. An explanatory sequential research design of mixed method was employed to obtain and analyze the data required for the study. Household questionnaire survey which was collected from 138 randomly selected households, ethnographic observation and interview were used to collect data. The research result showed that though most women are implementing AFPs compared to their male counterparts, the number of trees and shrubs on farm plots are lower for women. At household level, women are taking highest responsibility to manage AFPs. It was also found that 40.3% (166.5 tons/year) of energy for cooking and heating is obtained from trees and shrubs grown in AFPs followed by natural forest wood sources (32.2% or 134 tons/year). The majority of the respondents (56%) confirmed that women and girls are responsible for fuel wood collection from the natural forest areas. In contrast, for those households who obtained the fuel wood from AFPs, men are most responsible to prepare the fuel wood. An average time which was needed to collect a bundle of fuel wood from natural forest area was four times more than the time needed to collecting the same amount of fuel wood from AFPs. This indicated that AFP is playing a crucial role in reducing the burden of women and girls by reducing the time and labor spent for fuel collection. Generally, implementing AFP is not only used to save the natural forest cover, but it also has an implication in gender balance for fuel wood collection. Thus, stressing the multiple benefits of AFP, agricultural extension workers should encourage farmers to plant trees on their farm lands by recognzing the gender aspects as well.




How to Cite

Kassie , M. . (2023). The Gender Aspects of Agroforestry Practices in Maytemeko Watershed, Northwestern Ethiopia. Ethiopian Renaissance Journal of Social Sciences and the Humanities, 10(2), 132–152. Retrieved from